"For the first time, the" Opinions "put forward requirements for respect for teachers and respect for education in the whole society, and proposed systemic measures in terms of improving the status of teachers, protecting the rights of teachers, strengthening education for teachers, and encouraging social participation, so as to provide teachers with peace of mind, enthusiasm, and comfort. A good environment for teaching and meditation. "Ren Youqun said that this is a deepening of the understanding of the law of morality and construction of teachers.
Secondly, we will coordinate the establishment of the cause and give priority to the needs of primary and secondary education. We will streamline the establishment of institutions by tapping potential innovations, coordinating adjustments to ensure basic education, and implementing establishment standards. Strengthen management and strictly compile and use, fill the gap to meet the urgent needs of development.
"Reducing the burden does not mean that there is no burden." Ren Youqun introduced that the "Several Opinions" clearly clarified that the primary and secondary school teachers should not take on matters that are not related to education and teaching, and started with the teachers' relatively strong unreasonable burden. Reduce the inspection and evaluation and assessment matters, social affairs entering the campus, the completion of report forms, and the selection and borrowing of primary and secondary school teachers, and ensure that the inspection, inspection and assessment of primary and secondary schools are reduced by more than 50% on the existing basis.
"Based on research calculations and analysis, we generally believe that the current total number of teachers and staff in primary and secondary schools in China is no small, and can basically meet the overall needs of primary and secondary education development." The results of surveys conducted by the central bureau, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Finance, and the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security show that between urban and rural areas, different regions, different schools, and even different semesters of the same school, because of unbalanced staffing and adjustments Problems such as timeliness and unsmooth personnel flow, structural shortages and staffing issues are also common. In some areas, there are still problems such as the total number of teachers and staff in primary and secondary schools failing to meet national standards and the delay in the establishment of some new schools.
In Shaanxi Province, field investigations were conducted to grasp the five types of overburdened teachers in primary and secondary schools, and then to sort out the four major non-teaching tasks that increase the teachers' burden, and to formulate strict control over inspection and evaluation projects involving schools and implement social affairs. Campus examination and approval system, streamlining and standardizing various forms of reporting, strict control of seconded teachers, and standardization of various types of teacher training, including 16 rectification measures, focusing on standardizing teacher training programs, evaluation of assessments and competition management, application matters, and various types Report three types of behavior.
"At the same time, we must also face up to the reality that individual teachers are still in violation of discipline, be restricted through strict supervision and assessment, and be punished resolutely through serious handling measures, so that offenders will pay the price. Seriously, lifelong bans on teaching will effectively serve as a warning and deterrent effect. "Said Ren Youqun.
Teachers' workload reduction involves multiple departments and fields. The "Several Opinions" proposed that party committees and governments at all levels should include the task of reducing the burden of teachers in primary and secondary schools on the important agenda, and strictly control the examination and approval and reporting. The Education Steering Committee of the State Council shall include the task of reducing the burden on teachers in primary and secondary schools into the supervision of the provincial people ’s government in fulfilling their educational responsibilities. The provincial education supervision department shall take the task of reducing the burden on teachers in primary and secondary schools as an important part of education supervision and school inspection to ensure that The measures came to fruition.
Tanaka said that localities should combine the actual situation and tap the potential to adjust the establishment resources, and give priority to supplementing the establishment of primary and secondary school staff. We will increase the overall allocation of staff and staff and make adjustments across cities and counties, and effectively implement unified urban and rural staffing staffing standards in primary and secondary schools in accordance with actual conditions. In principle, the staffing of primary and secondary schools is adjusted by the province as a unit every 2-3 years, and the city and county can adjust at any time according to the changes in the number of students. Strictly investigate and deal with the problem of occupational staffing of teachers and staff in elementary and middle schools. It is strictly forbidden for public schools to teach teachers in private schools for a long period of time, and it is strictly forbidden to use long-term empty editors, non-recruitment, and non-recruitment.
"The main business of teachers is teaching and educating people. Reducing the burden on teachers is actually letting teachers focus more on the main business of teaching and educating people, and on the mission of Li Deshuren." Department of Teacher Work, Ministry of Education Director Ren Youqun said that reducing the burden on teachers is not only an inherent requirement to follow the laws of education, but also an objective requirement for the development of education.
Tanaka said that first of all, we should optimize the allocation of resources, improve the efficiency of staffing in the education system, and tap the potential from within to revitalize the stock. First, in conjunction with the reform of local institutions, we will steadily promote the consolidation and merger of institutions with weakened education systems, unsaturated tasks, and small-scale institutions, and streamline the reorganization of reclaimed resources to supplement the needs of primary and secondary education. Second, in light of the urbanization process, new rural construction, poverty alleviation, and quality education resources, we will optimize the setting of teaching sites in all types of public primary and secondary schools at all levels and rationally deploy staff. Third, according to the adjustment of school layout structure and urban-rural regional population movements, strengthen the rotation of teacher exchanges, and promote the dynamic adjustment of personnel and staffing between urban and rural areas, between regions, and between schools and semesters.
Teachers' burden reduction must clarify responsibility and rigid governance
"Ideological and political learning and the improvement of teachers' moral ethics are for all teachers, there are no exceptions." Ren Youqun said that a major highlight of the "Opinions" is that it focuses on daily management and integrates the requirements of teacher ethics and morality into all aspects of teacher management. The construction of teachers' morality and style should be carried out daily and strictly. In terms of recruitment and introduction of teachers, assessment and evaluation, daily supervision and punishment for violations of regulations, strengthen the requirements of morality and style, and highlight the first standard of morality and style.
In November 2019, the Ministry of Education issued ten guidelines for the professional behavior of teachers in colleges, primary schools, and kindergartens in the new era. With the issuance of this Opinion, a national standard has been established to standardize professional behaviors and ethics of teachers. The construction of a new era of teachers and morals construction system that combines overall work.
The "Opinions" includes five tasks: strengthening the ideological and political work of teachers, improving teachers' professional ethics, integrating the requirements of teacher morality and morality throughout the entire process of teacher management, creating a society-wide respect for teachers and educating teachers, and strengthening the guarantee of teacher morality and morality. On the other hand, 15 measures were proposed to build a new pattern of ethics and ethics.
"Several Opinions" starts with teachers 'relatively strong unreasonable burdens, and proposes a path to reduce the burden. First, Ren Youqun introduced, first of all, classified management, looking for teachers' burdens from the source, and greatly streamlining documents and meetings. Second, according to local conditions, fully take into account the different characteristics of regions, urban and rural areas, and academic levels, to avoid "one size fits all." Secondly, addressing both the symptoms and the root causes of the problem is to highlight the key points and strictly clean up and regulate matters that are not related to primary and secondary education and teaching; to cure the problem is to coordinate the relationship between school management and education and teaching and improve professional standards. Finally, for common governance, all levels of all departments and all sectors of society must form a joint effort to effectively reduce the burden on primary and secondary school teachers.
The person in charge stated that the "Opinions" insists that educators receive education first, and regards daily education as the focus of the construction of teachers 'morality. Through classroom education, typical tree morality, and ethics, teachers' morality and education and teaching work Lideshu combines people's practice and practices noble moral sentiment in the practice of educating people.