A detailed change has taken place in Yueyang Vocational and Technical College. Previously, the teaching equipment used by the school's nursing major was a human cotton bale worth tens of thousands of yuan, which was used by students to simulate the use of needles and other practical uses. Today, the hospital has eliminated cotton bales and replaced them with a fully simulated caregiver model worth 2 million yuan.
This is such a "bull school". When applying for the establishment of the first batch of outstanding vocational college construction plans in Hunan Province, it was "waterloo". If the passing rate is not up to standard, refer to the one-vote veto rule and cancel its declaration qualification.
Yao Hefang, the dean of Hunan Railway Vocational and Technical College, told the China Youth Daily that during the discussions between the principals after dinner, the good and bad of the school are basically inseparable from these points. The second is to see the school's ranking in the competition including the national vocational college skills competition; the third is the employment situation of students, which includes both employment statistics in data and non-quantitative figures from employers or society. Evaluation, such as how fast the students of this school get started, how good they are, whether they are practical and capable, and so on.
Starting from 2019, Hunan has created another "rule"-a graduate design spot check, which is targeted at higher vocational graduates. Each school randomly checks at a rate of about 3%, and the total number of random checks is not less than 30. This is another "overhanging sword" for higher vocational colleges.
In August this year, the Ministry of Education stated in the "Several Opinions on Deepening Vocational Education and Teaching Reforms to Improve the Quality of Talents". It is necessary to improve quality as the core task of school reform and development, eliminate interference, and implement the improvement of quality to the schools. Every link.
The story of a school outburst was quietly spreading in Hunan.
In addition, the assessment also mentioned that the spot checks also prompted vocational schools to increase master training. From 2009 to 2019, the number of “double-teacher” teachers in higher vocational colleges in Hunan has grown by an average of 5.84% annually. The average number of skilled artisans from the front-line part-time positions in enterprises has grown by 24.28%, and the average number of part-time experts from enterprises has increased by 22.29%.
Against the background of the current crisis of vocational education student crisis, more and more schools have set up popular majors in accordance with the actual conditions of their teachers and facilities, and expanded the number of students arbitrarily. The shortcomings quickly appeared. The diplomas that the students received were not high in gold content, and their skills were not good enough, and even their own employment was difficult. Corresponding enterprises faced difficulties in recruiting people. The crisis of education quality followed, and a vicious circle formed over time.
When the system was soliciting opinions, a deputy dean in charge of teaching at the school was hesitant: Is it too harsh to get rid of his job?
According to the China Youth Daily reporter, in the past 5 years, Hunan has ordered 33 majors in 23 vocational schools to stop enrolling. Under heavy responsibility, the effect of the obsession is gradually emerging. According to statistics from the Hunan Academy of Educational Sciences, as of this year, 45 vocational colleges have revised their talent training programs, adjusted the teaching content to 5,230 courses, and graduated from the province. The corresponding employment rate of students has increased to 80.6% in higher vocational colleges, and the average monthly salary of graduates from vocational colleges has increased by 1350.6 yuan.
As for the content of the spot check, that is, "what to evaluate", refer to the "Sampling Standards for the Professional Skills of Vocational College Students in Hunan Province × ×" approved by the local education department. Liu Xianze told reporters that more than 300 companies in Hunan's 68 professional skills spot-check standards were deeply involved in the standard development and skill spot-check organization and implementation process. Most of them were first-class companies in the industry and well-known companies inside and outside the province. Previously, a problem with the quality evaluation of vocational education was that the quality evaluation of practical teaching lacked effective means, and social and business participation was insufficient.
Three years later, at the end of 2009, the Hunan Education Department issued a notice to begin the implementation of a system called "Skill Spot Checking". The so-called random check refers to the random selection of 10% of all registered vocational college students in Hunan Province to participate in the skills random check.
Such problems also plague industry insiders.
This "Sword of Damocles" waved by Hunan is trying to cut off this vicious circle. At the exit of school education, create a "ruler" including spot checks on vocational skills and graduation checks. Testing the quality of students' training, once the "defective product" was discovered, the "production line" was shut down in order to force the quality of the entire education production line to improve.
Due to the absence of the evaluation system, the school was run for three or four years. It is difficult to judge how effective the education is, which made many schools' "education-oriented" signboards look rather awkward.