Opening the "Survey Form for Students and Families of Colleges and Universities", the reporter found that dozens of items need to be filled by applicants, covering detailed information such as "home location", "family population", "solitary disability", and "single parent". "The surface seems to be comprehensive, in fact, the indicators are so complicated that the applicant cannot write down, and it is impossible for the finder to make a fair comparison and judgment." Du Bingyue said.
In addition, the reasons for the poverty of students' families are very complicated and cannot be accurately measured with a ruler. "The objective criteria are vague and not operational, and sometimes they can only use their own experience to classify and classify the information." Liu Jia said.
On the contrary, due to concerns of interpersonal relationships and resistance to exposed family conditions, the "Hanmen students" still face the problem that families do not apply for recognition or funding. 87.4% of the interviewees said that the students with the above situation existed around them, 62.0% of the recipients and 65.3% of the policy implementers thought that they had “concerns about exposing personal or family privacy”.
China Education News, 1st edition, November 9, 2019
Complicated indicators, difficult to distinguish between true and false, cannot be quantified-multiple reasons cause "identification" to become "human"
"The evaluation results are obtained by adding two scores. In principle, students with high scores will be given priority to receive funding." Liu Jia directed the design of this evaluation system, but she has always emphasized that "this evaluation system is only an important standard, not the only one. . "
Du Bingyue told reporters that the students of the research delegation once took a fictitious "Survey Form of Students and Families of Colleges and Universities" and came to the local civil affairs department and neighborhood community neighborhood committees to request stamps to prove that they were all green lights. "It's too difficult to verify the information. Do you want us to go around his house and interview and interview the neighbors? Besides, stamping is good, why not?" A grassroots civil servant said. The data shows that only 56.8% of the recipients believe that the staff have been "understood and checked carefully".
In 2019, after Jiangsu, Guizhou, and Tianjin increased the tuition fees for colleges and universities, 11 provinces across the country increased their tuition fees again. At the same time, the state has also intensified a series of policies and measures for college student funding. On the one hand, there is increasing pressure on tuition fees, and on the other hand, there is continuous improvement in funding policies. How to make good use of policies to make them effective? How to reflect more fairness and transparency in the implementation of funding policies? Starting from 2019, the School of Arts of Yangzhou University has organized a research team to reach the education and civil affairs departments of nearly 50 families with financial difficulties and 5 provinces and municipalities. Through the distribution of survey questionnaires and interviews, it explores funders and recipients. And managers' true demands.
However, because most of the funding is unpaid, some students whose families are not in financial difficulties are required to take the initiative, and students who have improved their financial difficulties are subjectively willing to withdraw from the funding policy system. These "active poverty" The emergence of the phenomenon has severely wasted limited funding resources and created a fair and lacking funding environment. The survey showed that during the process of determining the policy implementation, 21.4% of policy executors believed that the process of stamping the official seal generally had human relationships.
"The efficiency goals and value goals pursued by college funding policies are often in a state of opposition and conflict, which brings a dilemma to the realization of policy justice," said Liu Jia, deputy secretary of the Party Committee of Yangda University of Arts.
"This year's assessment of families with financially difficult students is much easier. The newly developed quantitative evaluation system is clear, easy to operate, speaks with data, and fair." Chinese Language and Culture College (1202) who has participated in the identification of families with financially difficult students for 3 consecutive years. Secretary of the regiment Wang Bei told reporters.
Once the local authorities have “released”, the responsibility of review and determination will be transferred to universities. Surveys and interviews show that the method of "regular qualification review" is mainly "student seminars", only "17.9%" of "on-site visits to home locations", 25.8% "verified with local civil affairs departments", and 7.3% Performers "never check". "Especially for freshmen who have just entered the school, it is very difficult to verify their information in the short term." Liu Jia said.
Numbers speak, poor students "identify" are no longer "human"
At the same time, on the basis of this survey, the School of Arts of Yangzhou University tried to change the care for students with financial difficulties from "help the poor" to "help the will". The student clubs, such as the Boyer Academy, the Oxford Regiment, and the Xiangyang Academy, which are mainly funded by students from financially disadvantaged families, regularly organize outdoor survival experiences, support education, and aid activities to strengthen the communication and communication between poor students and the outside world. "The funders, recipients and managers all need to take a proper look at the funding policy, scientifically allocate funding resources, and supplement it with humane care. This is the direction of our efforts," said Hu Xuechun, secretary of the Party Committee of the School of Arts. (Correspondent Guo Zhaoyun Chen Senqing reporter Miao Zhicong)
Some non-poor students pass the recognition-"active poverty" leads to lack of equity