The "Plan" further clarified the construction tasks. As mentioned earlier, the mission of the university is to lead and promote the development of society and human progress. It specifically includes four aspects: talent training, scientific research, social services, and cultural heritage. The main body that accomplishes the mission of the university is the teacher. Therefore, the Plan clearly stipulates that the tasks of the construction of world-class universities and first-class disciplines are "building first-class faculty", "cultivating top innovative talents", "improving scientific research level", "inheriting excellent culture of innovation" and "focusing on promoting results" Transformation ". In the construction of the teaching staff, in addition to emphasizing the academic level of the teaching staff, special emphasis is placed on "strengthening the construction of teachers' morality and ethics, and training and nurturing an outstanding teacher with ideals, convictions, moral sentiments, solid knowledge, and compassion." Team. " In the training of talents, universities are required to "adhere to the virtue of building people, highlight the core position of talent training, and focus on cultivating all types of innovation, application, and compounding with a sense of national mission and social responsibility, a spirit of innovation and practical ability. The "Special Plan" specially emphasizes that universities should "strengthen the construction of university culture", "adhere to the integration of socialist core values into the entire process of education and teaching", and "guide the majority of young students to study, practice, distinguish, and be honest in order to make society The core values of socialism have become basically followed. "These construction tasks not only include several aspects of the university's basic mission, but also highlight the distinctive characteristics of China's first-class universities.
The "Plan" further clarified the construction requirements. The meeting of the National Deepening Reform Leadership Group called for the construction of world-class universities and first-class disciplines. "We must fully implement the party ’s education policy, follow the laws of education, take Lithuan as the root, take Chinese characteristics as the lead, and support innovation-driven development strategies to serve the economy and society. Oriented". This is also what General Secretary Xi proposed at the Symposium of Peking University. "To run a world-class university in China, you must have Chinese characteristics. Without characteristics, you follow the steps of others and follow the same steps. It is impossible to succeed." We must conscientiously absorb the world's advanced school-running experience, and we must also follow the laws of education and take root in the concrete manifestation of the spirit of running a university in China. It is also an inevitable requirement of the university ’s mission. The mission of the university includes personnel training, scientific research, social services, cultural heritage and innovation. It is summarized as one point to lead and promote the development of society and human progress. To shoulder this sacred mission, universities must first lead and promote the development of the countries where they live and the progress of the people. Only when the overall level of the country reaches a certain level, some universities in the country may enter the world ’s most popular. Therefore, China's world-class universities must have distinctive Chinese characteristics and must contribute to China's economic and social development first.
Zhou Yu, Harbin Institute of Technology
On August 18, 2019, the Fifteenth Meeting of the Leading Group of the Central Committee for Comprehensively Deepening Reform reviewed and approved the "Overall Plan for the Promotion of the Construction of World-Class Universities and First-Class Disciplines" (hereinafter referred to as the "Plan"). We believe this is another milestone strategic move in the history of higher education in China. Since the 1990s, in order to promote the development of higher education in China, the state has implemented construction projects such as the "211 Project" and the "985 Project" in 1995 and 1998, with a focus on supporting the development of some universities and disciplines in China. The implementation of these important measures has played a very important role in promoting the development of higher education in China, enabling some colleges and universities to achieve leapfrog development and significantly reducing the gap with world-class universities. The "Overall Plan to Promote the Construction of World-Class Universities and First-Class Disciplines" is the co-ordination and improvement of key construction projects such as the "211 Project" and the "985 Project". It is an important guideline and program of action for China's university education to advance to a higher level.
The Plan further clarified the construction goals. The "Proposal" proposes that by 2020, several universities and a group of disciplines will enter the world's top ranks, and some disciplines will enter the world's top ranks; by 2030, several universities and a batch of disciplines will be at the top of the world's top universities; by the middle of this century, top universities And the number and strength of first-class disciplines have entered the forefront of the world's first-class, and basically built a strong country in higher education. On the one hand, the three important time points of the construction of world-class universities in China are near, middle and far, and on the other hand, the goals of construction are also clear. In the previous construction, the macro objective of building a high-level university in the world was clearly put forward, but the specific requirements for high-level universities were not specifically defined. The "Proposal" puts forward the explicit requirements of "entering the world's forefront" and "entering the forefront of the world." This is also the first time that China has proposed that universities and disciplines should enter the world's forefront in a certain time. This is a full manifestation of the self-confidence in the development of higher education in China, and an inevitable requirement for China's economic and social development.
The Plan further perfects the construction mechanism. In order to support the differentiated development of colleges and universities, the "Proposal" proposes "classified advancement", which not only moderately develops comprehensive universities, but also supports the development of small, sophisticated and professional schools. Moreover, it is clearly stipulated that the construction of first-class universities and first-class disciplines is “graded support”, that is, central universities mainly support central financial support, and local universities mainly support local financial support. Another important feature of the "Scheme" construction mechanism improvement is "strengthening performance and dynamic support", with more emphasis on performance orientation, introduction of competition, formation of incentive and constraint mechanisms, and support for excellence. Moreover, for the first time, the "Plan" explicitly proposed "further strengthening the financial autonomy of universities and the ability to arrange funds independently". The establishment and improvement of these mechanisms will further highlight the characteristics of China's colleges and universities, and fully stimulate the motivation and vitality of colleges and universities to create first-class features, and effectively promote the construction of world-class universities and first-class disciplines.