In 1994, Nanjing University was identified as one of the first universities to be supported by the national “211 Project”. In 1999, Nanjing University entered the ranks of the first batch of high-level universities under the national "985 Project". Since 1999, the Ministry of Education and Jiangsu Province have signed three agreements on the key joint construction of Nanjing University, which has provided continuous and strong support for Nanjing University to build a world-class university. With the care and support of the country and Jiangsu Province, Nanjing University has established a long-term strategic goal of building a world-class university, and formulated the overall construction concept of "two steps" based on the actual development of the school. At present, the school has successfully achieved the "first step" development goal, and the overall school strength has reached the requirements of "comprehensive, research-oriented, international" world-renowned high-level universities, and achieved significant construction results:

The quality of talent training has been steadily improved, and the reform of top-notch innovative talent training models has been fruitful. The school always adheres to educating people, regards the cultivation of top-notch innovative talents as a basic project to create a world-class university, and takes the reform of undergraduate teaching as a breakthrough. It has explored in many aspects in the reform of education and teaching and formed a series of important Teaching ideas and concepts. As the first pilot university in the country, the school successfully passed the review and evaluation of the undergraduate teaching work of the Ministry of Education. The reform of the "three and three systems" training model for undergraduates won the seventh special award for national teaching achievements in higher education.

The first-class university is an important reflection of the country's core competitiveness, an important symbol of the country's scientific and technological, socio-economic level and cultural soft power. The creation of a world-class university has become a fundamental strategic issue related to the development of the country. For more than three decades since the reform and opening up, the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics has made great achievements that have attracted worldwide attention, and the country's overall strength has significantly improved. On the one hand, China has leapt to become the world's second largest economy, which has laid a solid foundation for the development of China's higher education. The in-depth advancement of reform and opening up has also created conditions, provided windows, and created platforms for learning from the experience of world-class universities. On the other hand, reviving the Chinese civilization, improving the ability of independent innovation, and building an innovative country have become the strategic goals of China's long-term development. It has put forward higher requirements for the status and role of universities in cultural inheritance and knowledge innovation. Development brings new important opportunities.