The first step is to 2020, a number of universities and a number of disciplines will be ranked among the world's most popular, and some disciplines will be ranked among the world's top-ranking disciplines;
3. What are the basic principles that need to be followed to coordinate the construction of world-class universities and disciplines?
Focusing on the country's strategic goals of "two hundred years," coordinating and advancing the construction of first-class universities and first-class disciplines will take three steps:
Answer: Building a first-class university and first-class disciplines is a major strategic decision made by the Party Central Committee and the State Council in the new historical period to improve the level of education development in China, enhance the core competitiveness of the country, and lay the foundation for long-term development.
The second is to strengthen performance and dynamic support. Innovate financial support methods, and fund distribution reflects the support of superiority, strongness and speciality in a fair competition, and further enhance the financial autonomy of colleges and universities and the ability to make overall arrangements for funding. More prominent performance-oriented. Establish and improve performance evaluation mechanisms, and make performance-oriented more prominent. On the basis of relatively stable support, according to the construction situation, dynamically adjust the support intensity to enhance the effectiveness of the construction.
7. How to guide and support the construction of world-class universities and disciplines?
Fourth, adhere to reform as the driving force. Deepen the comprehensive reform of colleges and universities, accelerate the construction of a modern university system with Chinese characteristics, work hard to remove institutional and institutional obstacles, accelerate the establishment of a vibrant, efficient, more open system that is conducive to the scientific development of schools, and be a leader in education reform.
Answer: Persistently advancing the construction of world universities and first-class disciplines is a major strategic decision-making deployment for the future period in China. The "overall plan" is clear, and the national education system reform leading group is responsible for major issues such as top-level design, macro layout, overall coordination, and funding. The Ministry of Education, Development and Reform Commission, and the Ministry of Finance are responsible for planning, deployment, implementation, supervision and management, and the daily work is undertaken by the Ministry of Education.
——Relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Education answered reporters' questions on the “Overall Plan to Promote the Construction of World-Class Universities and Classes”
9. What are the recent work arrangements and measures to promote the implementation of the "overall plan"?
The second step is to 2030, more universities and disciplines have entered the world's top ranks, several universities have entered the world's top ranks, a number of disciplines have entered the world's top ranks, and the overall strength of higher education has been significantly improved;
Third, adhere to performance as a lever. Establish an incentive and restraint mechanism, encourage fair competition, strengthen target management, highlight the effectiveness of construction, and build a world-class university and first-class discipline evaluation system with Chinese characteristics to fully stimulate endogenous motivation and construction vitality.
The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the role of higher education in realizing the national development strategy. Since the mid-1990s, the Ministry of Education, the Development and Reform Commission, and the Ministry of Finance have implemented key construction projects such as the "211 Project" and "985 Project" in response to the different requirements of different development stages of higher education, and promoted a number of key universities. The comprehensive strength and international influence have been significantly improved, which has promoted the overall level of higher education in China and strongly supported the sustained and rapid development of the economy and society. Practice has proved that the key construction road of “concentrating resources, taking the lead in breaking through, and driving the whole” has given full play to the superiority of the socialist system to focus on major issues, and has quickly narrowed the gap between China and the power of higher education to further build a world-class Universities and first-class disciplines have laid a good foundation.
Adhering to Chinese characteristics and being world-class means to fully implement the party's education policy, adhere to the direction of running socialist schools, strengthen the party's leadership over universities, take root in China, follow the laws of education, creatively inherit the excellent traditional culture of the Chinese nation, and actively explore Chinese characteristics To build a world-class university and first-class disciplines, strive to become a promoter and leader of the reform and development of higher education in the world, train builders and successors of socialist undertakings with Chinese characteristics, and better serve socialist modernization and the people .
During the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, especially since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the educational reform has been comprehensive and in-depth, and the level of development has entered the ranks of the world. At present, China's economic development has entered a new normal. The Party Central Committee has proposed a "four comprehensive" strategic layout. The Fifth Plenary Session pointed out that innovation must be placed at the core of the country's overall development and an innovation-driven development strategy must be implemented. The new situation and new tasks have put forward higher requirements for the connotative development of higher education implementation and the improvement of international competitiveness. On May 4, 2019, General Secretary Xi Jinping clearly stated at the Peking University Teachers and Students Symposium that we must unswervingly build a world-class university. Premier Li Keqiang has repeatedly called for reforms to optimize the allocation of educational resources, stimulate the vitality of running schools, and make greater contributions to sustainable economic development, protection and improvement of people's livelihood. The National Education System Reform Leading Group carefully summarizes past construction experience, analyzes the rules and trends of high-level university construction in the world, and proposes new plans to promote the construction of world-class universities. The Central Committee attaches great importance to it and at the 15th meeting of the Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reform, it reviewed and approved the "Overall Plan for the Promotion of the Construction of World-Class Universities and First-Class Disciplines" (hereinafter referred to as the "overall plan"). The "Overall Plan" was officially issued by the State Council a few days ago.
Answer: First-class universities and first-class disciplines are an important force for knowledge discovery and scientific and technological innovation, an important source of advanced ideas and excellent culture, an important base for training various types of high-quality talents, and an important support for economic and social development. Building world-class universities and first-class disciplines is a long-term strategic task. In accordance with the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, we must adhere to the characteristics of China and world-class as the core, build people with Lide as the foundation, support innovation-driven development strategies, and serve the economy. Society-oriented, accelerate the establishment of a number of world-class universities and first-class disciplines, enhance the comprehensive strength of China's higher education and international competitiveness, and provide strong support for the realization of the "two hundred years" goal and the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
Answer: Four principles must be adhered to:
The reform tasks are also five: first, to strengthen and improve the party's leadership over universities. Adhere to and improve the principal responsibility system under the leadership of the party committee, firmly grasp the leadership of ideological work in colleges, and comprehensively promote all aspects of party building in colleges and universities. The second is to improve the internal governance structure. Accelerate the formation of a comprehensive, standardized, and unified institutional system led by the charter, strengthen the construction of academic organizations, and improve democratic management and supervision. The third is to achieve breakthroughs in key links. Accelerate the reform of personnel system, personnel training mode, scientific research system mechanism, resource collection mechanism and other aspects. The fourth is to build a mechanism for social participation. Accelerate the establishment and improvement of a long-term mechanism for social support and supervision of school development. Establish and improve the council system and accelerate the improvement of close cooperation models with industry and enterprises. Fifth, promote international exchanges and cooperation. Strengthen substantive cooperation with world-class universities and academic institutions, strengthen international collaborative innovation, and effectively improve the international competitiveness and voice of higher education in China.
There are five construction tasks:
The overall goal is to promote a number of high-level universities and disciplines to become one of the world's most popular or forefront, accelerate the modernization of higher education governance systems and governance capabilities, and improve the level of talent training, scientific research, social services, and cultural heritage and innovation in higher education institutions. These universities will become an important force for knowledge discovery and technological innovation, an important source of advanced ideas and excellent culture, and an important base for training various types of high-quality talents. They will support the national innovation-driven development strategy, serve economic and social development, and promote the outstanding Chinese tradition. It plays a major role in culture, nurturing and practicing the core values of socialism, and promoting the connotative development of higher education.
First, adhere to the goal of first-class. Guide and support high-level universities and disciplines with certain strengths to aim at world-class, gather high-quality resources, cultivate first-class talents, produce first-class results, and speed up to world-class.
First, carefully study and understand the spirit of the Fifth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee of the Party and the principles of the "overall plan", further unify the thinking, clearly implement the strategy, deploy as soon as possible, and implement the task arrangements.
The third step to the middle of this century, the number and strength of first-class universities and first-class disciplines entered the forefront of the world, and basically built a strong country for higher education.
2. What are the strategic goals of coordinating the construction of world-class universities and disciplines?
A: The country faces the needs of economic and social development, and based on the current situation of higher education development, it plans overall the construction of world-class universities and first-class disciplines, and encourages and supports the development of different types of high-level universities and disciplines. The "Overall Plan" determines a construction cycle every five years, starting in 2019, and implemented simultaneously with the national five-year construction plan.
The first is overall planning and hierarchical support. Make top-level design and macro layout. Central colleges and universities are mainly guided and supported by the central finance, while local colleges and universities are mainly arranged by the local finance. Local governments are encouraged to support the construction of central universities, and the central finance will also provide guidance and support to the construction of local universities through relevant funds to support the development of local universities.
8.How to strengthen the organization and management of the construction of world-class universities and disciplines?
A: The "Overall Plan" has focused on the core requirements of "Chinese characteristics, world-class", and has arranged a total of 10 key tasks from the aspects of construction and reform.