A: There are six highlights. The first is the clear requirement to strengthen the education of core values of socialism, and to implement the enhancement of students' social responsibility, innovative spirit, and practical ability as the key tasks throughout the national education process. This is centered on the full implementation of the party's education. New and higher requirements for the policy and implementation of the fundamental tasks of Lide Shuren. The second is to upgrade high school education from "basic popularization" to "universal", and greatly improve the process of gradual exemption of tuition and fees from secondary vocational education to ordinary high school. The third is to take multiple measures to promote fair education, actively respond to the expectations of the masses, focus on balancing, pursuing inclusive benefits, and funding, and strive to ensure that all students have equal access to education. The fourth is to improve the teaching level and innovation ability of universities, continue to attach importance to the construction of a modern vocational education system, and accelerate the formation of a mechanism for talent training to actively meet the needs of economic and social development. Fifth, implement and deepen the reform of the examination and enrollment system and the reform of education and teaching, emphasize the exploration and establishment of personal learning accounts and credit accumulation systems, unblock the channels for continuing education and lifelong learning, and lay a good foundation for significantly improving the national quality and social civilization. Sixth, support and standardize the development of private education, encourage social forces and private capital to provide diversified education services, and work hard to open up a new situation in mobilizing resources from multiple sources to develop education.
Zhang Li, director of the Education Development Research Center of the Ministry of Education, said in an exclusive interview with reporters that in the next five years, we must adhere to improving quality as the core task of education reform and development, firmly establish the concept of education development with quality as the core, and build a well-off society in an all-round way as scheduled. Provide reliable human resources support.
■ Xinhua News Agency reporter Wu Jing
Q: What are the highlights of the planning recommendations and what are the policy considerations and actual needs?
Answer: The current hotspots in education reform and development are mainly based on the new goals and requirements of building a well-off society in an all-round way. The shortcomings that need to be made up during the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period are education opportunities for poor rural areas and learning opportunities for students with financial difficulties. General Secretary Xi Jinping has repeatedly emphasized that there is no comprehensive well-off in rural areas, especially in poor areas. A well-off society has not been fully established. Correspondingly, effectively protecting the right to education of students with financial difficulties in families and effectively blocking the intergenerational transmission of poverty will be an important link in the next five years for the whole party and society to fight the poverty alleviation campaign and ensure that the goal of building a well-off society is achieved on schedule. It is inevitable that the funding system must be fully deployed from all stages of preschool education, compulsory education, high school education, vocational education, junior college education, and postgraduate education to cover all families with financial difficulties. Families are in financial difficulties and are out of school. This is a major policy initiative that the plan proposes to focus on.
Q: Are the relevant measures aimed at the difficult and hot spots of the current educational reform and development?
Pay more attention to the development of educational content
More and better provide personalized learning conditions
The improvement of quality is inseparable from the reform of education and teaching and the innovation of institutional mechanisms
——Experts interpret the new highlights of the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan”
Six highlights stand out
Answer: Education is not only a national plan but also a people's livelihood. Improving the quality of education is of great significance. Today, with the historic achievements of China's educational cause, quality development will be even more needed. The plan suggests that when determining the guiding ideology of China ’s development during the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, it is emphasized that improving the quality and efficiency of development is the center. This means that we will insist on improving quality as the core task of education reform and development in the next five years. Establish an education development concept centered on improving quality, pay more attention to the development of educational content, and provide reliable human resource support for the comprehensive construction of a well-off society as scheduled.
Question: In terms of the balance of compulsory education, the popularization of high school education, the development of preschool education, and the improvement of teaching and innovation capabilities in colleges and universities, what are the internal links between reforms and quality development?
A: Reform is a powerful driving force for development. According to the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, the development and quality of education during the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period must always be aimed at the new goals and requirements of building a well-off society in an all-round way. We must firmly grasp reform and the rule of law. Strategic measures, planning suggestions, and other issues, such as “imbalanced development of urban and rural areas” and “insufficient supply of basic public services”, including education development and service supply, need to deepen comprehensive reforms in the field of education and comprehensively promote the rule of law to speed up the solution. The improvement in the quality of education at all levels and the increase in mass satisfaction before 2020 are inseparable from the educational reforms, teaching reforms, and related institutional mechanisms that have been repeatedly emphasized in planning recommendations.
Q: Is the credit accumulation system new?
Effectively protect the right to education of students with financial difficulties in accordance with the law
A: Establish a personal learning account and credit accumulation system. The previous reform is to deepen the reform of the admissions system for examinations. The latter is linked to "open channels for continuing education and lifelong learning." This measure is related to promoting the overall development of people and the sustainable health of the economy and society. The overall development will require the continued efforts of Chinese people from generation to generation. Looking back on the course of reform and opening up, in the mid-1990s, China made reference to the ideas advocated by the international community and legislated to confirm the concept of lifelong education. Since the beginning of the 21st century, the party and the country have repeatedly deployed lifelong learning. In particular, the documents of the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Party have requested that "the trial transfer of credits between ordinary colleges, vocational colleges, and adult colleges be expanded to broaden lifelong learning channels." It has laid the foundation for the planning proposal to make a new overall deployment during the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period. It is expected that in the next 5 years, China will take innovative steps in the recognition system of learning results, and provide better and better individualized learning conditions. Build the foundation of a learning society that meets the basic national conditions.
Q: Why does the education part of the plan recommend improving education quality as the key word?
Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 3rd
The "Proposal of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Formulating the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development" announced on the 3rd, with the theme of "improving the quality of education", proposes development goals and tasks covering all types of education at all levels.