Answer: The construction of quality assurance mechanism is a huge systematic project. The general requirement is to form a pattern of government performance of duties, independent guarantees of colleges and universities, extensive participation of society, internal coordination of education and external evaluation of education. The design of the Quality Assurance Mechanism in the Action Plan includes six aspects:
7. The theme of the Action Plan is "Innovative Development". What are the main bodies of "Innovation"?
All localities must pay full attention to the development of construction plans that encourage innovation and improve quality, implement support funds, and include them in budget guarantees.
In the new situation, the development and management of higher vocational education are facing new challenges: First, major national strategies such as “Made in China 2025”, “Internet +”, “Mass Entrepreneurship and Innovation”, “Precision Poverty Alleviation”, and “Belt and Road” are for higher vocational education New requirements have been raised for cultivating technical and skilled personnel; the second is the change in government functions of “simplifying administration and decentralization, combining decentralization and management, and optimizing services”, which requires the Ministry of Education to further improve the management of higher vocational education and effectively strengthen provincial education coordination; It is based on the country ’s overall plan for deepening fiscal and taxation system reforms. The central government has gradually increased general transfer payments and reduced special transfer payments. It mainly supports provincial governments to promote the reform and development of higher vocational education in the form of “comprehensive awards and subsidies”. Fourth, some higher vocational colleges still have problems such as unclear positioning of schools, training models that do not conform to the training rules for technical and technical personnel, the quality of teachers cannot adapt to the pace of scientific and technological change and innovation, and insufficient training and training conditions.
8. The "Action Plan" proposes to support "backbone professional construction" and build a group of "high-quality specialized higher vocational colleges". What is considered?
Sixth, social services: from the focus on teaching and training to the emphasis on teaching and training and applied research and development. The "Action Plan" emphasizes the role of enterprises as the main body of talent cultivation in promoting modern apprenticeships, co-constructing productive training bases, and co-constructing market-oriented multi-party application technology coordination centers, so that cooperative enterprises become students' teaching and training The main place, the platform for forging and researching the quality of teachers' dual-teachers, the school-enterprise cooperation and the production service base have become important windows for teachers to provide social services in applied research and development.
3. What is the overall framework and main content of the Action Plan?
The second is the development model: shift from focusing on expansion to connotation construction. One of the goals of the Action Plan is to improve the quality of development. Quality is at the core of all tasks and projects. This is to convey such a message to the front. Higher vocational colleges should profoundly grasp the changes in the development model. On the basis of stable scale, focus on personnel training, improve quality as the core, and focus more on resource allocation and work. Transfer to education and teaching and training of technical and technical personnel, tap inward, integrate resources, optimize the structure, consolidate the foundation, practice internal skills, and realize the transformation of the development model from scale expansion to connotation construction.
Answer: One is to coordinate the reform of higher vocational education. The Action Plan takes the concept of the modern vocational education system throughout, and guides the promotion of the innovation and development of higher vocational education at the college level as the main task, taking into account the application of technical reforms to undergraduate and professional degree graduate education reforms; covering higher vocational colleges to cultivate technical skills, It serves three functions of service enterprise technology research and development, product upgrade, community education and lifelong learning; it includes the reform of higher vocational education and teaching, the reform of school-running mode and the improvement of college governance. The Action Plan comprehensively integrates all requirements of the Ministry of Education for the development of higher vocational education.
Answer: In recent years, with the uniqueness of China's economy in the world, China's higher vocational education industry has taken a path of "industry-education integration, school-enterprise cooperation" with Chinese characteristics, and has accumulated a lot of innovative development experience and capabilities. The Action Plan points out six aspects of innovative development in higher vocational education:
The third is to improve the professional directory and professional teaching standards. Clarify the classification of higher vocational education personnel training; make provisions on professional training objectives and specifications, teaching implementation, teaching management, professional construction, teaching resources, etc., and provide a yardstick for evaluating the quality of professional teaching.
1. What is the background and significance of the Action Plan?
Answer: "The great things in the world must be done carefully." A prominent feature of the Action Plan is to break down 65 tasks and 22 projects into departments, localities, industry associations, executive committees, and higher vocational colleges, and clarify the responsibilities and time requirements of all parties. In order to implement the tasks set out in the Action Plan, we will focus on three areas of work:
The third is the state of school running: from relatively closed to fully open. The Action Plan requires higher vocational education to continue to adhere to the concept of open school, build an open school system for the society, establish an open cooperation mechanism for industry companies, implement open teaching for diverse student sources, and establish an open Credit accumulation and conversion mechanism, through the opening of schools to respond to regional industrial development needs in a timely manner, enhance the ability to serve local economic development, and achieve sustainable development.
The "Decision of the State Council on Accelerating the Development of Modern Vocational Education" (referred to as the "Decision") emphasizes the need to "innovate and develop higher vocational education"; the "Ministry of Education and other six ministries and commissions" "Modern Vocational Education System Construction Plan (2019-2020)" (referred to as ("Planning") pointed out that "optimizing the structure of higher vocational education"; the National People's Congress Standing Committee vocational education law enforcement inspections put forward new requirements to accelerate the development of modern vocational education. In order to meet development challenges and comply with national requirements, we have worked out the "Action Plan" so that the reform results of local and higher vocational fronts can be consolidated and the reform and development oriented to the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" can be followed. The "Action Plan" adheres to problem orientation, confronts development difficulties directly, summarizes practical experience in various places, and plans and designs a series of policies, systems, and tasks. It will further optimize the structure of higher vocational education and training, accelerate the improvement of higher vocational development mechanisms, and ensure that the quality of development is improved. Improve the ability of higher vocational schools to serve national development strategies.
4. What are the main characteristics of the Action Plan?
"Study complementation" refers to the differences between the structure of students' knowledge and skills and the requirements for new starting points when students move across systems between the vocational education system and the general education system. The knowledge caused by the different systems should be made up by supplementary learning ( Skills) gap to meet the starting point requirements of the new learning system. For example: to enter the vocational education system from the vocational education system into the general education system, it is necessary to increase basic course learning and supplement basic knowledge; to enter the vocational education system from the general education system, it is necessary to increase skills training to fill the skills gap.
Answer: The "Action Plan" mentioned in the "Expanding Quality Education Resources" two new concepts of "vocational education continuous training system" and "learning supplement". According to our design, the "vocational education continuous training system" refers to a system in which fresh graduates are promoted to higher-level schools to continue their studies from within the vocational education system. This is the establishment of a standard system, specialization in directory management, talent training programs, and New requirements have been raised in the design of teaching content. The establishment of a continuous training system is conducive to the final establishment of a training system for secondary, junior college and undergraduate vocational education and professional degree graduates. Higher vocational colleges should play a leading role in continuing the development of vocational education, extend forward to the five-year higher vocational school running from the beginning of junior high school, and extend backward to four-year vocational education at the undergraduate level. Exploring The implementation form and training mode of vocational education at the undergraduate level, which is different from the training of subject-oriented talents.
The second is to emphasize the role of local co-ordination. The implementation of the Action Plan is a new attempt by our ministry to reform the administrative measures for higher vocational education in line with the changes in government functions and the reform of the state fiscal and taxation system. New model of higher vocational education management. Our Ministry mainly formulates the Action Plan, clarifies the reform and development tasks, strengthens supervision during and after the event, and guides local economic costs. Provincial governments are responsible for implementing the Action Plan and give full play to the role of coordination and security. Among these tasks and projects, 71 were led or participated in the implementation by provincial governments, accounting for 81.6%.